Faith Intersections: Buddhism and Christianity

by Rev. Barbara Harris

October 2008

Rev. Barbara Harris

What do a Buddhist and a Progressive Christian have in common? While both traditions have a vision of life beyond earthly existence (reincarnation for Buddhists and eternal life for Christians), the focus is on living consciously, moment to moment.

Christians are called to be the Christ-consciousness, while (Mahayana) Buddhists seek to ultimately realize the Bodhisattva, the “Perceiver of the cries of the world” or Kuan-Yin, with a thousand hands responding to the needs of the world. At the heart of both is transformation through relationship: Christians are called into deeper relationship with God, while Buddhists are called into relationship with all, to achieve oneness, and to transcend the illusion of separateness.

Both the Buddhist and the Christian are called to follow a path. While for the Buddhist the path leads to enlightenment, and for the Christian, salvation, for both the Buddhist and the Christian, to travel the path is to experience salvation. Marcus Borg points to this in The Heart of Christianity, when he says that for Christians salvation is not the goal; salvation is the path.

For the Buddhist, training the mind is so that one may become of one heart, desiring to alleviate the suffering of others:  Compassion is not simply a warmth of heart toward the person before you; it is a sustained and practical determination to do whatever is necessary to help alleviate their suffering (Chodron, 2005). In other words, for the Buddhist, “Compassion is not true compassion unless it is active” (Rinpoche, 1994).

According to Marcus Borg, the heart of Jesus’ message was also compassion. As Borg explains in Meeting Jesus Again for the First Time, compassion means “to feel with.” Compassion thus means “feeling the feelings of somebody else” most commonly associated with “feeling the suffering of somebody else and being moved by that suffering to do something” (p. 47).

Furthermore, teachings of Jesus and the Buddha caution followers not to be “of the world,” to not be attached to status or wealth, which only brings unhappiness. The Buddha says, “Look on the world as a bubble; look on it as a mirage…the wise see through it, but not the immature” (The Dhammapada, 170). Christians are similarly told, “be not of the world” (John 17:14). “Do not store up for yourselves treasures on earth, where moth and rust consume and where thieves break in and steal…” (Matthew 6:20).

Fundamental similarities are striking: Both Jesus and Buddha call their respective followers to thwart conventional culture. Christians are called to be part of the “alternative community of Jesus,” away from a “lordship of culture to the life of companionship with God,” says Borg. Such a journey transforms us into more compassionate beings, “into the likeness of Christ.”  “Beholding the Spirit we are being changed into the likeness of Christ” (Borg, Meeting Jesus Again, p. 136).

According to Habito, “For Christians, spirituality is nothing other than a life of attunement to the Spirit (of God). Paying attention to one’s breathing in Zen is not simply a physical exercise that keeps one concentrated on one point, but the very abandonment of one’s total being to the breath of God, the here and now.”

The heart of being both a Buddhist and a Christian is the transformation of self and the world through divine union, living “the way” (Borg, The Heart of Christianity, p. 193; Easwaran, The Dhammapada, pp. 203-204).

As we come to know one another better, the distance between us shortens. The heart of interfaith is to explore more deeply who we are in relation to one another, so that we may become one awakened community on earth.


Borg, Marcus J. The Heart of Christianity. San Francisco:  Harper, 2003.

Borg, Marcus J. Meeting Jesus Again for the First Time. San Francisco: Harper, 1994.

Chodron, Pema. No Time to Lose. Boston: Shambala Publications, 2005.

Easwaran, Eknath. The Dhammapada. Canada:  Blue Mountain Center of Meditation, 2007.

Habito, Ruben L.F. Living Zen, Loving God. Boston: Wisdom Publications, 2004.

Rinpoche, Sogyal. The Tibetan Book of Living and Dying. San Francisco: Harper, 1994.